Preschool Science: Earth Science

Preschoolers are eager to explore and learn about the world. What better way to enhance this natural-born curiosity than through science. Science with preschoolers is nothing more than fun, fun, fun. Take these easy and simple  earth science activities that you can put together with materials you find around your home for fun spring activities in your backyard.

Earth Science

Earth Science is just that, science that deals with our planet.  Here are science activities that deals with the wind.  These activities allow your youngsters to find out what a little moving air can do. You and your child can enjoy these blustery, whipping, breezy activities and learn a bit more about that  wind.  The activities go from more difficult to easy, so you can catch various age groups of children.

Wind Spinner

You will need a large empty plastic two-liter soda bottle, a utility knife, colored electrical tape, scissors, pens or pencils, flexible tape measure, paper clip, ball bearing swivel,  and string to make this spinner.

Make sure that your soda bottle is clean and free of labels.  Decorate the middle of the soda bottle with the colored electrical tape.  Measure 3/4 inch marks around the center of the soda bottle, starting about where the bottle starts to go straight.  Use the utility knife to cut vertical strips down the length of the soda bottle, stopping about 2 inches above the bottom. Next squish down the soda bottle.  This makes the strips flair out, pinch each strip in the middle to create a fold.  At the top of each strip make a fold at least 45 degree to the right, so they will catch the wind, at the bottom the folds should go 45 degrees to the left.  Now, add other details to the wind spinner.  Put hole in top of cap of soda bottle.  Unfold the paper clip, threading it through the end of the ball bearing swivel. Twist the wires together, insert into the hole on the cap.  Fan out the wires from the inside of the cap, so so the ball bearing swivel stays in place.  Add a string for hanging and enjoy.

Twirling Windmills

Make your own windmills to decorate the top of a pencil or just for fun!

What you need: Ruler, Scissors, Pencil, Stick Pins with large , Beads, Stiff colored paper, Pencils with erasers on the end or pieces of wooden dowel.

What you do: Using your ruler measure and draw to equal size squares on two different colors of paper. Cut out the squares. Using the ruler, draw two diagonal lines across each square so that they cross in the middle. Cut 2/3 of the way on each line towards the center. Holding the squares of paper together, bend the paper back along each cut line toward the center. Hold the corners with your fingers until you have all four corners folded into the center.Push a pin through the center making sure it goes through all four corners. Then slip a small bead on the back.Push the pin into the eraser of a pencil or the doweling. Blow on your windmill and watch it spin!

Wind Socks

Give your child a sheet of construction paper to decorate. Next, have her glue 2′ strips of crêpe paper on the back bottom half of her paper. Then have her roll her paper into a tube for you to staple together. Add a 12 inch length of yarn to the top of the paper tube to make a hanger. Hang your child’s windsock in a dry windy place and watch the crêpe paper flutter in the breeze.

Air Art

In advance put out several colors of watered down tempera paint, get out straws, and white paper.  Make sure that the tempera paint  is pretty watery.  Give your child a straw and ask him to blow into it to experiment with moving different objects first, paper, pencil, and cotton balls.  Then put a small amount of each color paint on the child’s paper.  Have your child blow into the straw to move the paint around the paper.  Allow the paint to dry and hand the air up. Your child will re-tell this project over and over each time he looks at his “Airy Art”

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Be sure to discuss with your child that air is all around us even if we cannot see it, smell it, or taste it.  To help with this understanding have a balloon handy.  Blow up the balloon and allow your child to feel the balloon. Remember that balloons are considered choking hazards so be sure to supervise any activities with balloons.  Release the air out of the balloon, let your child feel the air coming out and listen to the sound the balloon makes.  Have your child use a plastic bag to see if they can catch any air.  Air is fun, and free enjoy these windy and airy activities.

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